What makes the outdoors so great? Nature itself, or our nurturing and altering of it? Mono Lake is the Eastern Sierra’s biggest and most famous lake, but it was drained significantly to bring water to the city of Los Angeles. Below the surface of Mono Lake, the centuries of volcanic bubbles created underwater stalagmites called tufas. Now the lake level is low, and these can be seen above water. They are indeed an incredible natural sight to behold, and we owe it to the City of Fallen Angels for draining the lake, inadvertently allowing these gorgeous outcrops to be seen.
We generally think of nature as something apart from man. Sure, man lives in and observes it, but the things man creates –towns, roads, etc–is not nature. But this Thanksgiving, during 5 days in the environs of Bishop in California’s Eastern Sierra, I really realized how much man interacts with and creates what we think of as nature.
The roads we bike, the trails we hike, the climbing bolts we clip–maybe those are just man made access to nature, and not huge alterations of nature itself. But sometimes what is created by man is indeed the central draw. Like Mono Lake’s tufas, for example. Or the ice at Lee Vining.
California’s –and in some sense the world’s– early developments in ice climbing gear stemmed from one small section of ice outside of Lee Vining in the Eastern Sierra. But this ice is not naturally occurring. Climbers poked holes in a water pipe running to a power station to create a water seepage. Which turns into thick ice in winter. Yvon Chouinard forged new ice climbing tools and tested them on this ice. And now, Lee Vining is an establishment, a historical pilgrimage spot for ice aficionados.
Of course some ice occurs naturally. But not much in California and so Lee Vining, a man made playground, is still the best place to ice climb in the state. Ouray, Colorado, America’s most famous ice climbing destination, also makes use of piped running water over shady cliffs to create ice.
Grooming of ski slopes are another example of us altering nature. I opened the snowboarding season this Thanksgiving weekend at Mammoth, California’s biggest and most attitude-filled resort. But there was not enough powder on the mountain for backcountry riding. We had to stick to groomed slopes. Still fun, to be sure, but the chair lifts and indeed the lay of the snow on the mountain (and even the manufactured snow for the park’s jumps and halfpipe) is man made. I prefer to shred naturally, in the backcountry. But I get my practice first by using the chairlifts.
Sport climbing is an obvious interference with nature, as the route must be bolted. This reality led to many bolt wars with some places, like Seneca Rocks, taking staunch anti-bolting ethics while others promoting the need to bolt routes. I’m on the trad climbing side, but I also think it is appropriate to place bolts in some cases.
In the case of the Sierra, the best sport climbing area is Owens River Gorge. It is owned by the city of Los Angeles 400 miles away. They need the water. It would probably be a climbing destination without access on LA City-owned trails, but to make any sport crag you need to mess with nature in several ways.
Chipping away and cleaning the rock to establish a route is definitely mandatory in the chossy volcanic soft rock at the Gorge. In Great Falls, a good rock crag in Virgina, the Park Service threatened to close various cliffs to rock climbing due to endangered plants and lichens. The outdoor enthusiast versus the preservationist. Luckily a closure hasn’t happened yet. By using the word lucky you can tell whose side I’m on. Still, I’m not crazy about bolting, and think some areas should indeed be protected. For instance, I don’t think high peaks should have iron and bolts installed. But I’m fine with bolting most generic low-lying rock faces.
Really, the only nature-altering practice that I am vocally against is the altering of famous and important mountains (see this post for a story and long exposition of my opinion). But still, the wildlife and vegetation of nature are affected by the approach roads and towns created to access otherwise untouched mountains. So really, man has a role in all of it.
Now that I’ve pondered what it means to edit nature, let me be clear that the Eastern Sierra is an unparalleled adventure destination for outdoor sports, especially climbing. This 5-day Thanksgiving fest was my 15th trip, and there will be many more.
Bishop is probably America’s second most best bouldering destination next to Hueco Tanks, and has a top 10 sport climbing area in Owens River Gorge. The highest concentration of road bike climbs in America is the Eastern Sierra. Aside from Colorado’s Longs Peak, the Sierra has the hardest and best high-altitude (14,000′) rock climbs in the country as well. And Mammoth has California’s best snowboarding. The Eastern Sierra is paradise and Bishop is its capital.
This trip my itinerary was ice climbing, bouldering, sport climbing and snowboarding. To people who don’t do these sports, they may sound similar to my normal activities: running, biking, mountaineering, trad climbing. But I assure you, bouldering is to mountaineering what 40 meters is to a marathon. Yes they are both climbing but they take a very different psychology and skill set.
This Thanksgiving was the first weekend without any of my main activities since August, when I eschewed my usual sports and finally surfed Trestles during my recovery from Leadville. Surfing may be the most nature-friendly sport, if you use biodegradable wax. But main activities, like the ones I did this weekend, require tampering with nature, or are at least better when we do so.
Running trails are man made. The Grand Canyon’s main trails, some of America’s finest, were built as mule trails for mining. Biking routes likewise. Even trad climbing routes are sometimes seriously altered (e.g. The Nose or Coarse and Buggy). Some crags are created entirely man made, like SoCal’s best sport crag, Riverside Quarry. I think only mountaineering is generally better when we leave it as it was, with no alteration from us.
Sometimes we wreck nature. Sometimes we access it. Sometimes we wreck it by hordes having too easy access (a pet peeve of mine, see my aforementioned post). And sometimes we might even inadvertently–or even purposely–make it more beautiful, like in the case of LA draining Mono Lake below the tufas. It’s one of many things to think about as I burn gasoline 800 miles r/t to the Sierra repeatedly in my quest to enjoy the earth and appreciate its goodness.
Is this behavior nonsensical? Hypocritical? I’ll take a small defense from the Tabasco Donkeys song “I Don’t Mind,” which is based very heavily on the philosophy of Ed Abbey:
Just one final paragraph of advice,
Don’t burn yourselves out, be as I am.
It’s not enough to fight for the land,
It’s even more important to enjoy it while you can,
While it’s still here.
So get out there and hunt and fish and mess around.
Ramble out yonder, explore the woods, encounter a grizz,
Climb the mountains, bag the peaks,
Run the rivers, breathe deep, that yet sweet, lucid air.